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FAQs

Pilot Car

Is training and certification required?

Yes, training and certification are required for Pilot/Escort Vehicle Operators in both Washington and Colorado.

Who is required to undergo P/EVO training?

Anyone serving as a Pilot/Escort Vehicle Operator within the borders of Washington State or Colorado must be trained and certified.

Who enforces certification requirements?

Certification is enforced by the State Patrol on highways and at the weigh stations.

How much does the class cost?

Prices differ depending on which certification you are seeking and where you train. See our program page for details on pricing for ESC classes.

How can I get a replacement card?

Evergreen Safety Council provides replacement cards for a $20 fee, as long as the student can be verified as currently certified according to our records. The student must provide first and last name, mailing address, phone number, ID number used on the card (if any), and location and approximate date of training.

How do I get recertified as a Washington State P/EVO?

If your certification has not expired, you may recertify by attending a 4-hour recertification course and passing the exam with an 80% or better. You must submit proof of current Washington State certification in order to enroll in a 4-hour recertification course.

Recertifications are also issued through our 8-hour course. See the class schedule for our current offerings.

How do I get recertified as a Colorado P/EVO?

Colorado Pilot/Escort Vehicle Operators who have been certified through ESC or through an approved Colorado Training Agency can be re-certified through ESC.

ESC-Certified Colorado Operators

Prior to the card expiring, operators who are currently certified in the State of Colorado by Evergreen Safety Council are allowed to recertify for one additional four year period by taking an online proctored exam without attending a class. ESC holds records of class attendance and certifications, and will verify that the student attended a previous ESC classroom or online training.

Operators who only attended a testing session the last time they certified will be required to attend a full-day P/EVO training session.

Operators Certified Through an Approved Colorado Training Agency

Prior to the card expiring, Operators certified through an approved Colorado Pilot/Escort training agency other than ESC must provide written documentation verifying that the last attended training was either a testing or classroom session. If it was a classroom session, then the operator will be allowed to recertify for one additional four year period by taking an online proctored exam without attending a class.

Operators who only attended a testing only session the last time they certified will be required to attend a full-day P/EVO training session.

My certification is expired. Do I need to take the entire course again?

Yes. Recertification is only open to P/EVOs whose certifications are still valid. If your card is already expired, you must attend the full training again.

I operate in another state. Should I get certified in Washington or Colorado?

It depends. Washington and Colorado each have agreements with other states that allow operators with valid cards to operate legally in those states, provided they follow all state laws, rules, and regulations. If you operate in a state that has reciprocity with either Washington or Colorado, you may want to consider getting certified in one of these states. Refer to this chart from the Federal Highway Administration for details on reciprocity.

I’m certified in another state. Can I transfer that?

Certifications are not transferable between states. In other words, you may not exchange your state certification for a different state certification. However, many states have reciprocity and acceptance agreements, making it possible for P/EVOs who are certified in one state to legally operate in another.

Note that each state has its own specific requirements for P/EVOs, equipment, and procedures. It is your responsibility to understand the laws and regulations in each state you operate in.

I have commercial driving experience. Do I still need to be certified?

Yes. Even if you have a CDL, you must still be certified as a P/EVO in order to operate a pilot car in Washington or Colorado.

How to I order a replacement card?

You can easily order a replacement card by filling out this online form.

Replacement cards are $20

Colorado P/EVO

What are the requirements for being a P/EVO in Colorado?

According to Colorado Code of Regulations 500.4, students must meet the following requirements in order to attend a Pilot/Escort Certification Program:

500.4.1 Must be a minimum of 18 years of age.

500.4.2 Possess a valid driver’s license for the state jurisdiction in which he/she resides.

500.4.3 Possess current certificate(s) of insurance or endorsement(s) which indicates that the operator, or the operator’s employer, has in full force and effect insurance coverage(s) for bodily injury and/or property damage as a result of the operation of the escort vehicle, the escort vehicle operator, or both causing the bodily injury and/or property damage arising out of an act or omission by the Pilot Escort Vehicle operator of the escort duties required by the Rules. Such insurance(s) or endorsement(s) shall be no less than $1,000,000 Combined Single Limit and/or $1,000,000 per occurrence of commercial liability coverage, as applicable, and must be maintained at all times during the term of the certification. The insurance certificate must indicate on the face of the document that the policy is for the operation of Pilot Escort Vehicle(s) and pilot escort duties/responsibilities as required by these Rules.

In addition to the documents listed above, you must also submit an official copy of your Motor Vehicle Record and a passport photo in order to register for the Colorado P/EVO class. See our application page for details.

What kind of insurance do I need in order to operate as a P/EVO in Colorado?

According to Colorado Code of Regulations 500.4, P/EVOs in Colorado must

500.4.3 Possess current certificate(s) of insurance or endorsement(s) which indicates that the operator, or the operator’s employer, has in full force and effect insurance coverage(s) for bodily injury and/or property damage as a result of the operation of the escort vehicle, the escort vehicle operator, or both causing the bodily injury and/or property damage arising out of an act or omission by the Pilot Escort Vehicle operator of the escort duties required by the Rules. Such insurance(s) or endorsement(s) shall be no less than $1,000,000 Combined Single Limit and/or $1,000,000 per occurrence of commercial liability coverage, as applicable, and must be maintained at all times during the term of the certification. The insurance certificate must indicate on the face of the document that the policy is for the operation of Pilot Escort Vehicle(s) and pilot escort duties/responsibilities as required by these Rules.

What kind of insurance do I need in order to operate as a P/EVO in Colorado?

According to Colorado Code of Regulations 500.4, P/EVOs in Colorado must

500.4.3 Possess current certificate(s) of insurance or endorsement(s) which indicates that the operator, or the operator’s employer, has in full force and effect insurance coverage(s) for bodily injury and/or property damage as a result of the operation of the escort vehicle, the escort vehicle operator, or both causing the bodily injury and/or property damage arising out of an act or omission by the Pilot Escort Vehicle operator of the escort duties required by the Rules. Such insurance(s) or endorsement(s) shall be no less than $1,000,000 Combined Single Limit and/or $1,000,000 per occurrence of commercial liability coverage, as applicable, and must be maintained at all times during the term of the certification. The insurance certificate must indicate on the face of the document that the policy is for the operation of Pilot Escort Vehicle(s) and pilot escort duties/responsibilities as required by these Rules.

What kind of vehicle do I need to operate as a pilot in Colorado?

Details on pilot car vehicle and equipment requirements for Colorado are listed in the Colorado Code of Regulations, sections 502 through 506.

What equipment do I need to operate a pilot car in Colorado?

P/E vehicles are required to have special signs, lights, and specific safety equipment. Refer to Colorado Code of Regulations, sections 502 through 506 for details.

Is the Colorado certification valid in other states?

Yes. The Colorado P/EVO certification is valid in several other states.

Please see our Pilot Car Reciprocity Page for further details.

Are cards from other states accepted in Colorado?

Yes. Currently, Colorado accepts cards from Arizona, Florida, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Utah, and Washington. See the CDOT Pilot/Escort Vehicle Information page for details.

Our Pilot Car Reciprocity Page also has more information about this topic.

How do I upload required documents?

You can upload your required documents by using our Colorado registration from.

Note, you must register for the Colorado Pilot Car class via our registration portal, prior to uploading your documents.

Online P/EVO Training

What equipment do I need for the online class?

You are required to use a laptop or computer with working speakers, microphone, and webcam.

You must have an internet connection capable of streaming live video and a current operating system capable of running Zoom and our testing platform. You can take the following sample test to check everything will work well for you.

Note: phones and tablets are not allowed as they will not work with the testing platform. If you do not have such a computer, you will not be able to attend and no refund will be issued.

How do I test my computer equipment?

Testing Your System/Equipment:

Zoom: To learn how to test your microphone and camera in Zoom please watch this short video on YouTube


Test invite: Test Invite is a cloud (Google) based online exam software.


1. You must be able to access the internet.

2. Your system should not have any access restrictions regarding the Google Cloud. (Some companies restrict access to cloud or Google services. You may need to check with your IT department.)

3. Your browser will need to be Chrome, Firefox or Opera.

4. You can take the following demo test to check everything will work well for you:

5. The exam requires video recording, so you are required to have a working webcam on your computer. You can use this site to check if your webcam works as expected.

If you don’t have a webcam, no problem! For a small fee we can order one for you that will arrive with the rest of your course materials!

Washington P/EVO

What are the requirements for being a P/EVO in Washington State?

The following qualifications are general requirements for P/EVOs in Washington State:

  • Must carry a valid certification card (if required for the state in which they are operating—not all states require certification cards).
  • Must carry proof of the required insurance for each state they are entering or working in.
  • Must be in possession of a valid driver’s license.
  • Must be at least 18 years of age.
  • Should be able to follow written and verbal instructions.
  • If corrective lenses are necessary, the operator must be wearing the lenses while performing P/E duties.
  • Must be able to perform emergency flagging and traffic control duties and traffic control (including, if necessary, standing for long periods of time in various weather conditions).
  • Must be drug and alcohol free when performing P/EVO duties.
  • Must be healthy and free of fatigue.
  • Must not display badge, shield, emblem, or uniform of color or design that may be mistaken for law enforcement badge, emblem or uniform.

Each state has different certification and insurance requirements for P/EVOs. If you will be traveling through multiple states, you should check that you are carrying the proper type and amount of insurance for each, and that your certification is valid in each state. 

What kind of insurance do I need in order to operate as a P/EVO in Washington?

According to Washington Administrative Code 468-38-100(16):

For hire certified pilot/escort vehicle operators are required to have insurance to conduct the duties associated to this rule:

(a) One hundred thousand dollars for bodily injury to or death of one person in any one accident;

(b) Three hundred thousand dollars for bodily injury to or death of two or more persons in any one accident; and

(c) Fifty thousand dollars for damage to or destruction of property of others in any one accident.

Satisfactory evidence of the insurance shall be carried at all times by the operator of the pilot vehicle, which evidence shall be displayed upon request by a law enforcement officer.

What kind of vehicle do I need to operate as a pilot in Washington State?

According to Washington Administrative Code 468-38-100(8):

In addition to being in safe and reliable operating condition, the vehicle shall:

(a) Be either a single unit passenger car, including passenger van, or a two-axle truck, including a nonplacarded service truck;

(b) Not exceed a maximum gross vehicle weight or gross weight rating of sixteen thousand pounds;

(c) Have a body width of at least sixty inches but no greater than one hundred two inches;

(d) Not exceed the legal limits of size and weight, as defined in chapter 46.44 RCW;

(e) Be equipped with outside rear-view mirrors, located on each side of the vehicle; and

(f) Not tow a trailer while escorting.

What equipment do I need to operate a pilot car in Washington State?

P/E vehicles are required to have special signs, lights, and specific safety equipment. Refer to Washington Administrative Code 468-38-100(9-10) for details.

Is the Washington State certification valid in other states?

Yes. The Washington State P/EVO certification is valid in several other states.

See our Pilot Car Reciprocity Page for further details.

Are cards from other states accepted in Washington?

Yes. Currently, Washington accepts cards from Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Utah, and Virginia. See the WSDOT Pilot/Escort Vehicle Information page for details.

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